Insulation for Upgrading Concrete Slab Floors
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Converting existing unheated basements, garages and storage areas into habitable rooms is a popular way of increasing living space without constructing an extension. Such spaces typically have a sound, level concrete slab floor - but lack sufficient floor insulation to achieve the thermal performance targets for new habitable rooms.
If headroom is tight then the only option may be to break up the existing slab, dig further down and build up an entirely new floor. Where it’s possible to avoid that, however, upgrading the floor slab is a viable solution, adding a damp proof membrane (DPM) if not already present before installing the insulation.
Headroom is unlikely to be limitless though! So it makes sense to keep the make-up of the floor upgrade as thin as possible, which means using a high performance insulation product. Lightweight, rigid polyisocyanurate (PIR) foam insulation boards, such as those manufactured by Saint-Gobain Insulation UK, are among the most thermally efficient, commonly available insulation materials.
They are easily handled, meaning floors are quickly insulated ready to receive a light-gauge polythene separating layer and - depending on the height available - either a concrete screed or a thinner tongue and groove chipboard.
The building detail is for illustrative purposes only. It does not constitute advice and should not be relied upon.
Insulation products to consider
|Product Name||Thickness Range||Sizes||Lambda||BBA|
|Celotex XR4000||110-200mm||Width 1200mm, Length 2400mm||0.022 W/m.K|
|Celotex GA4000||50-100mm||Width 1200mm, Length 2400mm||0.022 W/m.K|
|Celotex TB4000||20-40mm||Width 1200mm, Length 2400mm||0.022 W/m.K|